You only get to buy your first home once. Why not make it as stress-free as possible?
With that goal in mind, we’ve put together a list of what you need to know about the national and statewide programs available to first-time home buyers in North Carolina.
One of these six options could help you achieve the milestone of first-time home ownership. Which one looks like it’s right for you?
First time home buyer programs in North Carolina
NC Home Advantage Mortgage
First-time home buyers in North Carolina can benefit from the stable, fixed-rate mortgages offered by the NC Home Advantage Mortgage. Managed by the North Carolina Housing Finance Agency, the program also offers down payment assistance up to 5% of the total loan. And through the NC 1st Home Advantage Down Payment, first-time buyers and military veterans can qualify for $8,000 in down payment assistance.
In order to qualify for this type of loan or for down payment assistance, you must be a legal U.S. resident, purchase the home in North Carolina, occupy the home as your principle residence within 60 days of closing and have a credit score of at least 640. Income limits apply.
Learn more about the NC Home Advantage Mortgage.
Mortgage Credit Certificates
The NC Housing Finance Agency issues Mortgage Credit Certificates, or MCCs, to first-time buyers, veterans, and people buying in specific geographic areas. (These certificates are also known as the NC Home Advantage Tax Credit.) The MCC provides a federal tax credit of 30% of the annual mortgage interest (50% for new construction homes). The savings will add up for each year you live in your home.
You are eligible for the MCC if you are a legal U.S. resident, a first-time buyer of a home in North Carolina, occupy the residence within 60 days of closing, and you meet certain income and home sale price limits. These limits will vary and are best explained by your lender. You can find a lender near you by contacting the NC Housing Finance Agency at 1-800-393-0988 or www.nchfa.com/home-buyers.
National Programs for First-Time Home Buyers
If your credit score is at least 620 and you’ve been saving money for a down payment, a conventional mortgage could be the best choice. Thanks to the Federal National Mortgage Association (nicknamed Fannie Mae) and the Federal Home Mortgage Corporation (nicknamed Freddie Mac), first-time home buyers can enjoy a down payment as low as 3% as long as the mortgage meets the government’s requirements.
If you’ve managed to sock away enough for a down payment of at least 20% of the cost of your home, you can avoid paying mortgage insurance, or PMI. (For example, that’s a $30,000 down payment on a $150,000 home.)
Your credit score is another factor to consider when applying for a conventional mortgage. Most lenders are looking for a minimum score of 620 in order to approve you for a conventional mortgage. Higher credit scores will earn you a better interest rate. For instance, a score around 740 will get you the best interest rate available.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture offers these loans through the Rural Development Guaranteed Housing Loan Program. USDA loans require no down payment and are available to buyers in rural and suburban areas. The income limitations for these loans vary by region, and the ease of getting the loan increases with higher credit scores.
Learn more about USDA
VA loans, also known as Veterans Affairs mortgages, are available to military members, veterans, reservists, National Guard members, and surviving spouses.
These loans are guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and offer some noteworthy benefits to the home buyer, including no minimum credit score, no down payment, and no mortgage insurance. The interest rates on these loans also tend to be the lowest available.
The one catch is that VA loans require a funding fee – a one-time payment that helps offset the cost to taxpayers associated with those mortgage insurance and down payment benefits. Certain factors like the type of military service, and the amount of the down payment, will affect the amount of the funding fee.
Borrower assistance is another benefit to consider. If you have a VA loan and are struggling to pay your mortgage, the VA can negotiate on your behalf with the lender. Financial counselors provided by the VA can help negotiate repayment plans, loan modifications, and other options. The assistance number is (877) 827-3702.
Learn more about VA loans.
If your credit score and your down payment are on the low side, an FHA Loan could be your best option. The FHA, or Federal Housing Administration, allows a down payment percentage as low as 3.5% as long as your credit score is at least 580. If your credit score is in the 500 to 579 range, the FHA requires a down payment of at least 10% of the cost of the home. (That’s $15,000 for a $150,000 house.) FHA loans do require mortgage insurance.
There is no salary requirement for an FHA loan, but you do need to have two established credit accounts, such as a credit card and an auto loan. Delinquent federal debt or judgments, including tax-related judgments, will keep you from being approved for an FHA loan.
Learn more about FHA loans.
Closing thoughts: Many municipalities in the state offer down payment assistance programs. For questions about first-time home buyer programs, or to become pre-approved, contact us.